Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the transparent membrane that covers the white of the eye (i.e. sclera) and the inner surface of the eyelids.
Conjunctivitis is probably the most common eye disease and can have acute or chronic nature.
The causes of conjunctivitis can be very different, the most common and known are:
- Eye infections from bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites
- Chemicals such as cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, building products, various environmental factors, …
- Physical agents of various kinds such as excessive exposure to the sun and other radiation
Conjunctivitis depending on the underlying cause has different signs and symptoms that the ophthalmologist should be interpreted to give an accurate diagnosis.
Among the symptoms we can list:
- Excessive tearing
- Sensation of having sand in the eyes or foreign body sensation
- Secretion or pus, in this case, the eyes tend to stick
- Itching, very intense in the case of allergies
Among the signs observed by the physician:
- Red eye, which is by far the most common
- More or less intense swelling of the conjunctiva and eyelids
- Any yellow-greenish secretion, pus, in the case of bacterial forms
The differential diagnosis is not simple and misuse of drugs can also result in serious complications. The diagnosis, therefore, should only be done by an ophthalmologist, and in light of that report will initiate the appropriate therapy to the resolution of the pathology.
Absolutely not recommended, therefore, the auto medication